This title examines one of the world's critical issues, indigenous peoples' rights. Readers will learn the historical background of this issue leading up to its current and future impact on society. Indigenous peoples such as Native Americans, African Bushmen, and Australian and Taiwanese Aborigines, Indian Ādivāsīs are discussed in detail. Issues surrounding indigenous peoples such as economic challenges, poverty, preservation of language and culture, introduction of new diseases, removal of children, disease, discrimination, confiscation of natural resources from indigenous peoples' lands, and the urge to assimilate are discussed. Legislation and programs that address indigenous peoples and their rights such as Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia (CIDOB), Fair Trade, Fairtrade Labelling Organizations (FLO) International, World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO), Fair Trade Federation (FTF), United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the Lakota Language Consortium (LLC) are also introduced. Engaging text, informative sidebars, and color photographs present information realistically, leaving readers with a thorough, honest interpretation of indigenous peoples' rights. Features include a timeline, facts, additional resources, Web sites, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index. Essential Issues is a series in Essential Library, an imprint of ABDO Publishing Company.